Put Yourself In The Eureka Story These Pages Are

Put Yourself In The Eureka Story These Pages Are

DESCARGAR PDF


Put Yourself in the Eureka Story
These pages are for school groups that have chosen the “Put yourself
in the Picture” education session as part of their visit to Sovereign
Hill.
\
When you get back to school, you can download your pictures into this
document to create your own Eureka story book.
For Teachers
*
This resource is provided in Microsoft Word so you can change it
as you see fit.
*
Some teachers prefer to complete only five of the seven pages.
Deciding what to leave out may lead to a useful discussion with
students about what were the most important causes of Eureka.
*
On the other hand you may prefer to add pages to your story
*
A description of the events surrounding Eureka can be found in the
Resource Notes section for students on the Sovereign Hill web
site. www.sovereignhill.com.au/education
*
A bibliography of Education Resources concerning Eureka can be
found on the Eureka Centre web site. www.eurekaballarat.com
*
A useful timeline of events can be found on the Public Records
Office of Victoria (PROV) www.prov.vic.gov.au/eureka
Eureka: Put Yourself in the Picture
The Discovery of Gold
=====================
August 1851
Gold was found in many areas of Victoria sparking a rush to the new
diggings. The population exploded.
Eureka: Put Yourself in the Picture
Licences.
=========
September, 1851
---------------
All males have to buy a monthly licence before they can dig for gold.
Troopers are sent to the diggings to enforce this new law. Gold
Commissioner Doveton is sent to Ballarat. Diggers believe the licence
fee is too expensive and do not like the way they are treated by the
troopers.
Eureka: Put Yourself in the Picture
Murder
======
7 October 1854
James Scobie is murdered near the Eureka Hotel in Ballarat. Many
diggers believe the owner of the hotel, James Bentley, is guilty. When
Bentley gets off, the diggers believe it is proof that the troopers
and judges are corrupt.
Eureka: Put Yourself in the Picture
A Flag is Made
==============
November 1854
Captain Ross, a Canadian, has asked women supporters of the miners to
sew a flag. A white cross with stars at each point is sewn onto a blue
background. The flag of the “Southern Cross” is made representing the
constellation of the Southern Cross, which most diggers first saw when
sailing to Australia.
Eureka: Put Yourself in the Picture
Monster Meetings
================
November 1854
The Ballarat Reform League is created at a monster meeting on Bakery
Hill. A petition to the Governor demands a change to the licence
system. Diggers swear an oath to defend their rights and liberties
under the Eureka flag.
The petition is rejected by the undemocratic government.
Eureka: Put Yourself in the Picture
The Stockade is attacked.
3 December 1854
At sunrise on Sunday 3rd December, 296 well armed troops and police
attack 120 diggers in the Eureka stockade. About 20 diggers and
bystanders and 6 soldiers are killed. 120 diggers are arrested and the
rebellion is brutally crushed.
13 diggers are ordered to stand trial for treason.
Eureka: Put Yourself in the Picture
The Diggers win their fight for Democracy
=========================================
By the end of March 1855, all 13 Eureka prisoners are found not guilty
of treason. They are carried like heroes down Melbourne’s main
Streets.
New laws bring reforms to the goldfields, the licence system is
abolished and Peter Lalor and John Humffray are elected as new Members
of Parliament representing Ballarat. All adult males in Victoria now
have the right to vote.
Australian democracy is born at Eureka.